The Hot Serial Cereal Experiment for modeling wheat response to temperature: field experiments and AgMIP-Wheat multi-model simulations


  • Pierre Martre INRA
  • Bruce A. Kimball USDA-ARS
  • Michael J. Ottman University of Arizona
  • Gerard W. Wall
  • Jeffrey W. White USDA-ARS
  • Senthold Asseng University of Florida
  • Frank Ewert University of Bonn
  • Davide Cammarano University of Florida
  • Andrea Maiorano INRA
  • Pramod K. Aggarwal CIMMYT
  • Jakarat Anothai Washington State University
  • Bruno Basso Michigan State University
  • Christian Biernath Helmholtz Zentrum München
  • Andrew J. Challinor University of Leeds
  • Giacomo De Sanctis European Food Safety Authority
  • Jordi Doltra Cantabrian Agricultural Research and Training Centre
  • Benjamin Dumont Michigan State University
  • Elias Fereres University of Cordoba
  • Margarita Garcia-Vila University of Cordoba
  • Sebastian Gayler University of Hohenheim
  • Gerrit Hoogenboom Washington State University
  • Leslie A. Hunt University of Guelph
  • Roberto C. Izaurralde University of Maryland
  • Mohamed Jabloun Aarhus University
  • Curtis D. Jones University of Maryland
  • Belay T. Kassie University of Florida
  • Kurt C. Kersebaum Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
  • Ann-Kristin Koehler University of Leeds
  • Christoph Müller Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
  • Soora Naresh Kumar Indian Agricultural Research Institute
  • Bing Liu Nanjing Agricultural University
  • David B. Lobell Stanford University
  • Claas Nendel Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
  • Garry O'Leary Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources
  • Jørgen E. Olesen Aarhus University
  • Taru Palosuo Natural Resources Institute Finland
  • Eckart Priesack Michigan State University
  • Ehsan Eyshi Rezaei University of Bonn
  • Dominique Ripoche INRA
  • Reimund P. Rötter Natural Resources Institute Finland
  • Mikhail A. Semenov Rothamstead Research
  • Claudio Stöckle Washington State University
  • Pierre Stratonovitch Rothamstead Research
  • Thilo Streck University of Hohenheim
  • Iwan Supit Wageningen University and Research
  • Fulu Tao Natural Resources Institute Finland
  • Peter Thorburn CSIRO Agriculture
  • Katharina Waha Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
  • Enli Wang CSIRO Agriculture
  • Joost Wolf Wageningen University and Research
  • Zhigan Zhao China Agricultural University
  • Yan Zhu Nanjing Agricultural University



The data set reported here includes the part of a Hot Serial Cereal Experiment (HSC) experiment recently used in the AgMIP-Wheat project to analyze the uncertainty of 30 wheat models and quantify their response to temperature. The HSC experiment was conducted in an open-field in a semiarid environment in the southwest USA. The data reported herewith include one hard red spring wheat cultivar (Yecora Rojo) sown approximately every six weeks from December to August for a two-year period for a total of 11 planting dates out of the 15 of the entire HSC experiment. The treatments were chosen to avoid any effect of frost on grain yields. On late fall, winter and early spring plantings temperature free-air controlled enhancement (T-FACE) apparatus utilizing infrared heaters with supplemental irrigation were used to increase air temperature by 1.3°C/2.7°C (day/night) with conditions equivalent to raising air temperature at constant relative humidity (i.e. as expected with global warming) during the whole crop growth cycle. Experimental data include local daily weather data, soil characteristics and initial conditions, detailed crop measurements taken at three growth stages during the growth cycle, and cultivar information. Simulations include both daily in-season and end-of-season results from 30 wheat models. Data access via doi 10.7910/DVN/M9ZT0F